Grammar

I will not go into details. But, here and there, I will provide some pointers for easier learning of Slovenian. This page will be irregularly updated, so make sure you come back from time to time. See also useful links here.

Alphabet

A B C Č D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S Š T U V Z Ž

Listen to the alphabet. Try to pronounce it yourself.

Numbers

Listen to the pronunciation of numbers. Note that Anna in Slovenia wrote a nice blog post on the topic of numbers.

I wrote a special blog post about 0, which you can read here. The numbers up to 30 are listed in the following table.

1 – ena
2 – dve
3 – tri
4 – štiri
5 – pet
6 – šest
7 – sedem
8 – osem
9 – devet
10 – deset

11 – enajst
12 – dvanajst
13 – trinajst
14 – štirinajst
15 – petnajst
16 – šestnajst
17 – sedemnajst
18 – osemnajst
19 – devetnajst
20 – dvajset

21 – enaindvajset
22 – dvaindvajset
23 – triindvajset
24 – štiriindvajset
25 – petindvajset
26 – šestindvajset
27 – sedemindvajset
28 – osemindvajset
29 – devetindvajset
30 – trideset

Pronunciation of numbers 1-10.
Pronunciation of numbers 11-20.
Pronunciation of numbers 21-30.

Now you know the pattern. Here are the tens and hundreds.

10 – deset
20 – dvajset
30 – trideset
40 – štirideset
50 – petdeset
60 – šestdeset
70 – sedemdeset
80 – osemdeset
90 – devetdeset
100 – sto

100 – sto
200 – dvesto
300 – tristo
400 – štiristo
500 – petsto
600 – šeststo
700 – sedemsto
800 – osemsto
900 – devetsto
1000 – tisoč

Pronunciation of numbers 10-100.
Pronunciation of numbers 100-1000.

And a few random numbers for a general appreciation. The basic rules for writing are:

  1. everything less than a hundred is written as one word
  2. hundreds are written separately
  3. thousands are written separately

63 – triinšestdeset
335 – tristo petintrideset
99999 – devetindevetdeset tisoč devetsto devetindevetdeset

Pronunciation of the three random numbers. Try pronouncing the last one.

And now a few ordinal numbers, that is numbers that express the rank and position instead of quantity.

  1. – prvi
  2. – drugi
  3. – tretji
  4. – četrti
  5. – peti
  6. – šesti
  7. – sedmi
  8. – osmi
  9. – deveti
  10. – deseti

  1. – enajsti
  2. – dvanajsti
  3. – trinajsti
  4. – štirinajsti
  5. – petnajsti
  6. – šestnajsti
  7. – sedemnajsti
  8. – osemnajsti
  9. – devetnajsti
  10. – dvajseti

Based on the pattern you should be able to handle it from here. Note that here the words assuming that the subject is of masculine gender (prvi otrok); for feminine subject you just replace the last letter with -a (prva deklica) and for neuter subjects with -o (prvo drevo). Ordinal numbers are written without spaces (335. – tristopetintrideseti).