teden

All kind of weeks out there… Source

Translation: week

This week I proudly present to you: teden. A week in Slovenia lasts seven days, just like in other parts of the world. The first letter in the names of days in Slovenian is not capitalized. Here are the days:

ponedeljek – Monday
torek – Tuesday
sreda – Wednesday
četrtek – Thursday
petek – Friday
sobota – Saturday
nedelja – Sunday

Examples:

Teden ima sedem dni.
(A week has seven days.)

Se teden začne na nedeljo ali ponedeljek?
(Does a week start on a Sunday or Monday?)

Prihodnji teden gremo na počitnice!
(Next week we’re going on holidays!)

Danes se začne teden mode v Ljubljani.
(Today begins the Ljubljana fashion week.)

Zdravljenje lahko traja tedne dolgo.
(The treatment can last for weeks.)

Related:

dan – day
mesec – month
leto – year
desetletje – decennial
stoletje – century
tisočletje – millenium

Listen to the pronunciation of Slovenian words and phrases.

štala

Translation: a stable, confusion (informal)

Štala is a colloquial word for a stable. But you will also hear it used in everyday speech as a description of a confused, disorderly situation or happening (pandemonium).

Examples:

Kmet je imel v štali pet krav.
(The farmer had five cows in the stable.)

In takrat se je začela prava štala.
(And that is when the pandemonium began.)

Včeraj sem domov prišel zelo pozno. Ženi ni bilo všeč – bila je cela štala.
(Yesterday I came home very late. My wife didn’t like it – it wasn’t pretty.)

Expressions:

Najprej štalca, pol pa kravca.
(lit. first a little stable, and then a small cow. You say it when you first want to be financially independent, to have a house, and only then you think of children.)

Related:

hlev – a stable
kaos – chaos
norišnica – asylum, pandemonium

Listen to the pronunciation of Slovenian words and phrases.

cepivo

Brrr, needles. Source

Translation: vaccine

Let’s face it, the vaccine is on everyone’s mind these days. Hardly a day goes by without an article, a round table, or a radio show discussing the ultimate question: when?

Examples:

Cepivo proti ošpicam uspešno preprečuje smrt otrok.
(The measles vaccine successfully prevents children’s death.)

Nasprotniki cepiv se igrajo z ognjem.
(Vaccine opponents are playing with fire.)

Razvoj cepiva traja leta.
(The development of the vaccine takes years.)

Ampak, ali bo cepiva dovolj za vse?
(But, will there be enough vaccine for everyone?)

Related:

cepiti – to vaccinate
cepljenje – vaccination
bolezen – disease
gripa – flu
ošpice – measles

Extra:

Completely unrelated: cepiti doesn’t mean only to vaccinate, but also to chop wood (eg. cepiti drva). You have been warned.

Listen to the pronunciation of Slovenian words and phrases.

jabolko

The red or green: which do you prefer? Source

Translate: apple

I always associate autumn with apples and apple pies.

Examples:

Iz jabolk je naredila slastno jabolčno pito.
(From the apples she made a delicious apple pie.)

Jeseni se listje obarva v tople barve.
(In autumn, leaves are colored in warm colors.)

Sredi vrta stoji stara jablana.
(An old apple tree stands in the middle of the garden.)

Adamovo jabolko je izboklina na moškem vratu.
(Adam’s apple is a bulge on a men’s neck.)

Expressions:

Jabolko ne pade daleč od drevesa.
(The apple doesn’t fall far from the tree.)

jabolko spora
(an apple of discord)

ugrizniti v kislo jabolko
(to grasp the nettle; lit. to bite into a sour apple)

Related:

hruška – pear
sliva – plum
jesen – autumn

Listen to the pronunciation of Slovenian words and phrases.